The EFFISEC Project aims to deliver to border authorities more efficient technological equipment that provides higher security level of identity and luggage control of pedestrians and passengers inside vehicles, at land and maritime checkpoints.
Currently, border security efforts are focussed on airports addressing security of air traffic. Land (and maritime) regular checkpoints can be considered to be weak points for screening people and traffic. However, it is realised that the vast majority of travellers are honest. Therefore, there is a need to combine security efficiency with fast flow management.
The main EFFISEC objectives are:
- To enhance the security and efficiency of land and maritime checkpoints through technology
- To improve the working conditions for border inspectors
- To increase the flow of people crossing the border
Enhancing security and efficiency through technology includes the application of biometrics for identity checks on travel documents, luggage checks for dangerous and/or forbidden goods, and vehicle control including detection of stolen vehicles.
Improving the working conditions for border inspectors includes application of ergonomic tools and enhancing the use of border inspectors' knowhow.
With respect to increasing the flow of people across land and sea borders, fast processing is required both of pedestrians and passengers within vehicles.
An Integrated Project
EFFISEC is an integrated project – addressing 3 use cases:
- Cars use case
- Bus use case
- Pedestrians use case
For each of cars and buses the following will be considered within the scope of the project: document management, identity management tools, luggage scanning, inspection of passengers, vehicle inspection, and fast flow management. Enhancement of all the proposed solutions will be based on end user evaluation considering ergonomics, security, and ethics.
For pedestrians, the emphasis will placed on travel document management, biometrics, luggage inspection, and inspection of pedestrians (e.g. for weapons and/or explosives). Self-border crossing will also be researched. An e-Gate mock up will be produced for pedestrian use in seaports and land border checkpoints enabling a range of technologies to be utilised to identify passengers including document verification and biometric identification of the traveller. Detection of illicit substances will be also be performed.
Furthermore, technologies including intelligent video analysis will be used to provide general border checkpoint surveillance as well as access control, identification, and flow supervision functions.
Finally, the ethics and the social impact of the automatic controls will be studied.